Indian Film Actor – Manoj Kumar (Real nam Harikrishna Giri Goswami 24 July 1937) in an award winning Indian actor and director in th Bollywood film industry. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname “Mr Bhara” (Bharat is the Hindi term for India). In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma shri by the Government of India.
Manoj Kumar was born in Abbottabad, a town of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Then part of India. Abbottabad is now located with in the borders of Pakistan. When he was 10, his family had to move to Delhi owing to partition. His family lived as refugees in Vijay Nagar, Kingway Camp and later moved to Patel nagar area of New Delhi.
After graduating from Hindu college, University of Delhi, he decided to enter the film industry.
Kumar was married to Shashi Goswami (originally from Jodhkan, Sirsa district, Haryana). He was two sons, Vishal and Kunal, Vishal tried his skills as a singer and Kunal as an actor. His brother, Rajiv Goswami, also entered the film industry, as youth, he admired Bollywood superstar Dilip Kumar, and decided to name himself Manoj Kumar after Dilip’s character in Shabnam (1949).
After making a little-noticed debut in Fashion in 1957, Manoj landed his first leading role in Kaanch ki Gudia (1960) opposite Sayeeda Khan, Piya Milan ki Aas and Reshmi roomal followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) opposite Mala sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla’s Who (1962) opposite Mala sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla’s Who kaun thi (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in Himalaya Ki God mein (1965). Kumar’s image as the patriotic hero started with the 1965 film Shaheed based on the life of Bhagat singh, a martyr in the struggle for India’s freedom. After the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kisan (Hail the soldier, hail the farmer).
The result was Kumar’s magnum opus and his directorial debut, Upkar (1967). In it, he played both a soldier and a farmer. The film was also noted for the famous song Mere Desh Ki Dharti, written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar was a hit and won Kumar his first Filmfar best Director Award.
After dabbing in various roles in the late 1960s, Manoj returned to patriotic themes in Purab aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award) and directed and starred in Shor (1972). The latter, opposite Nanda, was not a hug box office success, but it did feature the memorable song Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai, a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal.
The mid1970s saw Kumar star in three hit films :
1. Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) was a social commentary featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan that won him his second Filmfare Award for Best Director.
2. Sanyasi (1975) had kumar and Hema Malini in the lead roles of a religious-themed comedy.
3. Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Kumar and Hema top billing.
In 1981, Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19TH century. Kranti was the last notable successful film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjab film Jat Punjabi.
After Kranti, Kumar’s career began to decline in the 1980s as all of his films failed at the box office. In 1989 he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk which was considered to be a groundbreaking event. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. His son, Kunal Goswami, Kumar was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award that same year.
Mr. Manoj Kumar received civilian award – Padma Shri (1992) by the Government of India and National Film Awards – National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film (1968) for upkaar. For his Fil Upkaar in 1968 he won many awards like – Filmfare Best Movie Award, Filmfare Best Director Award, FilmFare best Story Award, Filmfare Best Dialogue Award. He also won Filmfare Best Actor Award for beimaan in 1972 and Filmfare Best Director Award for Roti Kapada Aur Makaan in 1975 and Filmfar Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999.
He was also nominated several times in different categories of awards, in 1968 – Filmfare Best Actor Award for Upkaar, in 1969 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Aadmi, in 1973 – Filmfare best Director Award for Shor, in 1975 – Filmfare Best Movie Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, in 1975 – Filmfare best Actor Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan and in 1976 Filmfare best Actor Award for Sanyasi, Many govt. and non-govt. organizations Honors him for his better work in Hindi Movie Cinema, in 2008 – National Kishore Kumar Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh, in 2009 – Phalke Ratna Award by the Dadasaheb Phalke Academy and in 2010 - National Raj Kapoor Award by the government of Maharashtra. He also got many other awards lik in 1968 – BFJA Awards: Best Dialogue for Upkaar, in 2001 – Kalakar Awards for Lifetime Achievement, in 2008 – Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award, in 2010 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the 12TH Mumbai Film Festival, in 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Apsara Awards in 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Nashik International Film Festival.
In the honor of devotion of Manoj Kumar towards Shri. Sai Baba; Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust, shirdi has renamed “Pimpalwadi Road” in Shirdi, as “Manojkumar Goswami Road”.
- Pro. Dr. Kedar Sharma
- Swami Prabhupada
- Samin K. Sharma, MD
- Late Sh. Jagjit Singh
- Manoj Kumar
- Avinash Chander Mannan
- Gunvant B. Dave
- Haridas Kotahwala
- Pratap Singh Chouhan
- Dr. Raghunath Prasad Tiwari - Umang
- Dr. Kumar vishwas
- Dr. (Mrs) Lilly George
- Anil Goel
- Dr. Om Sharma
- Chand Bihari Ji Saboo
- Chitra Goel
- Ajey Jain
- Madan Jhawar
- Kamlesh C. Mehta
- Jodh Raj Loddha
- Dr. Renu Khator
- Mr. Kailash Jhalani
- Mohammed Rafiq Ibrahim Punjabi (Qureshi)
- Mr. Narpat Bhandari
- Mr. Sarosh Khan
- Mr. S. Abhaya Kumar
- Mr. V. Premraj Jain
- Mr. Lal K. Motwani
- Mr. Mukeshbhai Babubhai Gopani